Women

Enlarged Uterus: What Causes Enlarged Uterus?

The problem of an enlarged uterus is experienced by many women, especially during menopause. The problem arises from the bulging out of the uterus due to various reasons. It is often misunderstood as a sign of pregnancy, but many conditions can cause enlarged uterus; however, these conditions are mostly benign.

What causes enlarged uterus?

  • Previous surgery: A previous surgery near the pelvis can result in an enlarged uterus. Such a condition leads to a complication known as endometriosis. It is an infection and causes the uterus to swell.
  • Fibroid cancer: Tumor growth near the uterus causes enlarged uterus. The growth disturbs the uterine wall, making the uterus enlarged.
  • Menopause: Menopause comes with a whole set of problems. The hormonal-level fluctuation during menopause causes enlarged uterus in addition to the more well-known symptoms.
  • Adenomyosis:
    The condition is very much like endometriosis. In adenomyosis, the tissue of the uterine lining starts growing inside the walls of the uterus. This causes the uterus to become big.
  • Ovarian cysts:
    The fluid-filled sacs called ovarian cysts can also be blamed for enlarged uterus.
  • Endometrial cancer: The cancer of the uterus is another cause of enlarged uterus.

All these causes need to be addressed immediately.

Symptoms of enlarged uterus
The common symptoms are:

  • Abnormal menstruation:
    Irregular menstruation, heavy bleeding with clots, prolonged bleeding, etc., might be symptoms of an enlarged uterus.
  • Weight gain: Sudden weight gain without any particular reason is a major symptom of enlarged uterus.
  • Pain:
    Enlarged uterus is usually marked by unbearable pain in the pelvic region.
  • Reproductive problems:
    Enlarged uterus is closely associated with infertility, miscarriages, premature delivery, etc.

Other symptoms:
Some other symptoms related to an enlarged uterus are:

  • severe headache
  • dyspareunia or painful intercourse
  • excessive bloating
  • flatulence
  • diarrhea

Diagnosis of enlarged uterus
Enlarged uterus is detected through the following diagnosis:

  • x-rays
  • endometrial biopsy
  • blood tests

If detected early, enlarged uterus can be treated successfully.

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