What is an Abnormal Uterus?

An abnormal uterus is formed when the uterus fails to develop correctly. This condition normally appears during pregnancy, when the fetus is in the uterus. This condition is termed as Congenital Uterine Anomaly. These uterine anomalies are rarely found and generally cause no harm. It is for that same reason that they remain undetected in womenai??i??s bodies for a long time. The uterine anomalies are usually detected if there are frequent miscarriages or premature births that trigger an exam.

Catagories Of Abnormal Uterus Or Uterine Abnomaly:

There are various categories into which uterine abnomaly can be divided. These include:

  • Hypoplasia:

    The condition in which the uterus becomes thin and elongated.

  • Unicornuate Uterus:

    The condition in which the uterus takes the shape of a banana with a single and the second horn becomes rudimentary. Bicornuate uterus is the condition in which the uterus takes the shape of heart.

  • Septate Uterus:

    The condition in which the uterus is divided into cavities by the means of a wall or septum. It can be either a partial or full division.

  • Arcuate Uterus:

    The condition in which the uterus takes the shape of an arch.

Causes Of Abnormal Uterus:

The exact cause for this abnormality is not yet known but genetic and environmental reasons are considered as the main cause for it. Few women diagnosed with this condition had it because their mother or grandmother had it in their younger days.

Symptoms of Abnormal Uterus:

Symptoms of abnormal uterus typically do not occur until menstruation begins or pregnancy happens. A few signs that are normally noted are:

  • Bicornuate uterus can result in rudimentary uterine horn with no outlet. It can also obstruct menstrual outflow.
  • Pain during menstrual periods is common. In case left untreated the blood gets collected in the uterus and results in infection. This can result in reproductive problems and dyspareunia which can further cause infertility, recurrent miscarriages, preterm birth, ectopic pregnancy, abnormal fetal presentation, intrauterine fetal growth restriction, and breech pregnancies.

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