Hysterectomy with Cervix Removal
Hysterectomy is a procedure in which the female uterus is removed. This is done by making an incision in the vagina or in the abdomen. The process of hysterectomy can either be a partial one or it can be a total hysterectomy. A partial hysterectomy involves the removal of only the upper part of the uterus whereas the total hysterectomy involves the removal of the entire uterus along with the cervix. Read on to know more about hysterectomies and the various types of surgical procedures.
Removal of Cervix in Hysterectomy
The process of total hysterectomy involves the removal of both the uterus and the cervix. Along with the uterus and cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries can also be removed. The removal of these parts depends on the gravity of the infection or the reason for which the operation is taking place. Normally, the ovaries are not removed as to avoid the risk of ovarian cancer.
In cases where the ovaries are removed, the procedure brings about sudden menopause in those women. This happens due to sudden loss of hormones in the body.
Process of Total Hysterectomy
In this process, an incision is made at the vagina and the necessary parts removed. Since the incision is a small one it does not require much of the time to heal up. Moreover, you will not even get the feeling that you have undergone an operation. But once complete there are few precautions which must be taken care of.
Post-surgery precautions include:
- Rest for at least six weeks.
- Once the stitches are out try to do some mild exercises regularly.
- Walking for some distance can be a great form of exercise.
- Slowly and steadily try to do some work. Do not go to do all your work in one go. This will result in tiredness. So, it is better to do some work and then rest for some time and then again to finish the remaining of it.
When is Hysterectomy Needed?
Hysterectomy is an operation performed exclusively on women. It is a surgical process involving the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Hysterectomy makes the patient unable to conceive and changes the hormone levels considerably.
This surgical procedure is usually recommended for specific diseases and circumstances:
- Specific types of reproductive system cancers which include ovarian, cervical, and uterine
- Severe endometriosis and/or adenomyosis
- Heavy bleeding that causes inconvenience every month
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
What are the Different Types of Hysterectomy?
There are different types of hysterectomies that are suggested by the doctor according to a woman’s condition. All or a part of the uterus is removed from the body in hysterectomy. Different types of surgeries are described below.
- Complete or total hysterectomy:
As the name suggests, in this type of hysterectomy both the cervix and the uterus is removed. This is the most common hysterectomy type and preferred by majority of women.
- Partial or Supracervical hysterectomy:
The upper two-third part of the uterus is removed and the rest remains. So the cervix remains intact. Women with no abnormal Pap smear tests are recommended this subtotal hysterectomy. This type can relieve sex related complications.
- Radical hysterectomy:
When the patient is suffering from some kind of cancer, the uterus, the cervix, the supporting tissues, and the upper vagina are surgically removed to avoid the spreading of the disease. This type of hysterectomy is known as radical hysterectomy.
- Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy:
Many times, the ovaries and the fallopian tubes are removed from the body. This is called bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and is quite common in the USA.
The medical professional will guide the patient as to which type of hysterectomy should be performed.
Hysterectomies are one of the most common surgeries performed in the USA. Around 11,000 such operations are performed to deal with various gynecological problems every year. Hence, you must not be worried if your doctor or health care provider recommends this surgical procedure. However, you should be aware of your options before committing to surgery.